2021, Vol. 5 Issue 2, Part CPages: 188-195
Diversity of Unani medicinal plants of northwest Gujarat
Saiyed Kamartaha, Oza Kavi and Raole Vinay
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A survey was conducted to study the diversity and traditional knowledge of plant species in Northwest Gujarat during 2020-2021 and total 137 plant species have been documented. Out of these 84 plants were found reference in Unani system of medicine, can be placed under 73 genera representing to 49 families are discussed in the present paper. The present study is based on the literature survey from various sources and it provides a comprehensive knowledge about the use of Unani plants and their major ailments used for the treatment of various diseases by various tribal communities from the state. Moreover, it is enumerated along with their Botanical name, Family, Folk/Local name, Unani name, Ayurveda name and Siddha name. Study area is famous for its vast biodiversity of tropical deciduous vegetation especially for diversity of ethno medicinal plants as well as a traditional medicine system. But, reference to documentation on traditional medicinal practices is less documented specific to Unani system is not much done from the study area. Therefore, in the present review; Emphasis has also been given on Unani system plants during the documentation and inventorization. This paper explains in brief the concept of Phyto diversity & economic advantage. The present study reveals the status of Unani plants, ethno-medicinal flora and its importance. There is an urgent need to create awareness among rural and urban population to highlight the importance of Traditional knowledge and conserving biodiversity.