2021, Vol. 5 Issue 2, Part CPages: 161-164
Ethno medicinal, phytochemical and therapeutic importance of Bambusa arundinaceae: A review
Abdurrahman, Samar Zakir and Mohd Anwar
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Bans (Bambusa arundinaceae) (family Graminae) is an easily available and wildly growing plant found throughout the moist parts of India. Different parts of the plant like Siliceous deposits, young shoots, articulations, seeds, leaves, and roots are used for medicinal purpose in various traditional systems of medicines. It possesses Mudirr-i-Hayd (emmenagogue), Dafi-i-Humma (antipyretic), Mudirr-i-Bawl (diuretic), Musakkin-i-Alam (analgesic) properties and can be used in Waja‘al-Mafasil (arthritis), Waja‘al-Zahr (lumbago), and Waja‘al-Udhun (earache). It can also be used in the disease of the urinary system like Waram al-Mathana (cystitis), and Taqtir al-Bawl (incontinence of urine) etc. The plant contains various bioactive compounds like silica 70 or silicum as a hydrate of silicic acid, peroxide of iron, potash, lime, and alumina, proteins, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B, nicotinic acid, riboflavin, carotene, calcium phosphorus, thiamine, niacin, and oxalic acid. Diverse studies carried out on bans, by various researchers reported a wide spectrum of pharmacological actions like hepatoprotective, antioxidant, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-arthritic, and antidiabetic activities, etc. In the present review paper, an effort has been made to summarize the information described in classical Unani literatures and scientific research conducted on different parts of the Bambusa arundinaceae plant.