The objective of the present study is to assess correlation with the Mizaj
of the patients afflicting with grade 1 essential hypertension.
Background: Essential hypertension is one of the leading causes of the global burden of disease. The World Health Organization rates it as one of the most important causes of premature death worldwide and accounting for 10.4 million deaths per year. In classical Unani literature there is not description of any disease with the caption hypertension. However, ancient Unani scholars Razi, Majoosi and Ibn-e-Sina have described many clinical manifestations under the heading of imtila which simulates to the clinical features of hypertension and represents it very well.
Material and Methods: A single blind randomized comparative clinical trial (between test and control group) was conducted on 60 diagnosed patients of grade 1 essential hypertension aged between 35-65 years in the department of Moalejat AKTC, AMU Aligarh. The patients were selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Mizaj of the patients was determined using a proforma designed to assess the Mizaj.
Results and Observations:Out of 60 cases, 31 (51.67 %) cases, (50% in test group and 53.33% in control group) were found to have Damvi Mizaj (Sanguineous temperament).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the incidence of grade 1 essential hypertension is higher in patients having sanguineous temperament.