Dr. Subodh Kumar and Dr. Bachchu Singh
A morus is moderate-sized monoecious tree, 3 to 6 meters high, with reddish or yellowish brown, smooth bark, marked with long horizontal lenticels. Leaves are ovate, 5 to 20 centimeters long, 2.5 to 8 centimeters wide, with tapering pointed tips, and 3-nerved, heart-shaped base, sharply-toothed margins, sometimes deeply 3-lobed, of hairy texture when young, rough when mature. It is a Fruit of famous tree about 3-4 inches long, it has two types 1) Toot Safed
& 2) Toot Siyah
. It is also called Shahtoot
. Native to China; cultivated in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Kashmir and North- Western Himalayas.
The Properties of Shahtoot such as- Analgesic, Anthelmintic, Antibacterial, Anti rheumatic, Diuretic, Hypotensive, Hypoglycemic, Purgative, Sedative Tonic. Good Nervine tonic etc. Constituents: Tannins; phytosterols; sulfur; essential oils; saponins; Mulberroside F, fat, 30%; urease; sugar, pectin, citrates, malates, sterols, flavones, flavanone, stilbene. Shahtoot having so medicinal properties for the diseases.