2018, Vol. 2 Issue 2, Part APages: 29-35
Neem (Azadirachta indica) in health care: A review
Dr. Md. Shahab Uddin, Dr. Zannatun Nahar Nuri, Dr. Md. Khorshed Alam and Dr. Obydul Hoq
Viewed: 2381 - Downloaded: 1281
The Neem (Azadirachta indica) has a vital role in various problems associated with human health. The chemical constituents present in the neem plant make it a doctor tree due to its wide scope in biological activities associated with it, and has become a global context today. Neem (Azadirachta indica) is considered harmless to humans, animals, birds, beneficial insects and earthworms, and has been approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency for use on food crops. Azadirachtin and other active ingredients in the neem seed have insecticidal properties that are effective against a broad spectrum of insects, many mites and nematodes, and even snails and fungi, and do not seem to generate resistance in the pests they affect. Nowadays, neem and its extracts are used in numerous herbal medicines and cosmetics. What’s more, even neem contraceptives are available in the market this days. Neem extract which have Nimbinin, nimbandiol as active constituents, alcoholic extract of the leaves was found to possess a significant blood sugar lowering effect, which are very useful against diabetes. Neem is used in Dermatitis Eczema, Acne, Bacterial/Fungal infections and other skin disorders. It has demonstrated its effectiveness as a powerful antibiotic. Neem also has shown antiviral, anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. It helps support a strong immune system and is used in cases of inflammatory skin conditions. Neem has been extensively used in Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathic medicine and has become a centre of attraction of modern medicine. Hence, the article is aims to utilize the medicinal properties of whole neem plant in various disorders of mankind.