Insomnia is described as Sehar
in Unani system of Medicine, which can be defined as sleeplessness or awakening which occurs mainly as a result of imbalance in the temperament of brain due to excess of Hararat
. Insomnia is a risk factor for depression. Prevalence of Insomnia is high in women. Unani physicians have been successfully treating Insomnia
(Irrigation therapy) since ancient times but scientific documentation is not available. Hence it was decided to conduct single case observational open clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Nutool
(Irrigation therapy) in a case of Insomnia on scientific parameters
Material and Methods: Intervention was carried out on a female patient over a period of two weeks at Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir in the month of August, 2017. Outcome measure was by Vas scale. Diagnosis was made on the basis of clinical presentation. The patient is assessed on the basis of subjective and objective parameters. Informed consent was obtained from the patient. The clinical improvement was recorded in the Case Report Form (CRF) specifically designed for the study. At the end of study pre and post treatment scores of different subjective and objective parameters were tabulated and analyzed.
Result: Efficacy of Nutool (Irrigation therapy) applied to the patient was found statistically significant in the treatment of Insomnia. Further, no side effect was observed during and after the study.
Conclusion: Nutool (Irrigation therapy) is safe and effective for Insomnia.