2020, Vol. 4 Issue 1, Part APages: 01-06
Hijamah: An important regimen of Ilaj bit Tadbeer
Mohd Arshad Jamal, Ansari Shaiqua, Fahmeeda Zeenat and Wasim Ahmad
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Hijamah is a method used for local evacuation or diversion of morbid humors in which a horn is attached to the surface of the skin of the diseased part through negative pressure created by vacuum. The Messenger Mohammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa Sallam) said: Indeed the best of remedies you have is Hijamah (cupping). It is one of the oldest methods of treatment, which has been discussed in the Misri Tib (Ebers Papyrus), one of the oldest medical textbook in the world. In Egypt, cupping was the remedy not only for every type of disease but also for preserving health. It was transferred to Greece from Egypt. However, it is believed that it has been practiced back from 3000 BC. Hijamah is one of the oldest and most effective methods of releasing toxins from the body’s tissues and organs. It is safe, non-invasive and non-expensive technique. It is used to alleviate pain and discomfort. It acts to draw pressure and inflammation from the deep organs towards the skin. It diverts the toxins and other harmful impurities from affected organs towards the skin before expulsion. Due to the high cost, resistance and toxicity of antibiotics and modern medicines led to their decline in popularity. Once again people started taking treatment from the alternative system of medicines. Hence, Hijamah once again started getting popularity globally. In the present paper an attempt has been made to review the available literature on Hijamah, its types, sites, mechanism, indication, contraindication, benefits and complication.