2018, Vol. 2 Issue 2, Part BPages: 77-80
Nutritional disorders: An overview
Tabasum Fatima, Amreen Nazir and Syed Zameer Hussain
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Nutrition has been identified as a primary factor in human development, not only as a conditioning factor for health but also as a determinant of quality of life and overall development. Access to adequate quantity of quality foods is a basic human right and a necessary precondition for good health. Conditions such as Starvation, which may be total or partial, affects the functioning of key organ systems such as respiratory, locomotor, muscular/skeletal, gastrointestinal, immune system, and related inflammatory response. Nutritional disorders manifested as Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM), Anaemia, iodine deficiency, Vitamin deficiency, etc affects not only mortality and morbidity figures but also physical growth, intellectual development, school performance of children, effectiveness of education, productivity of labour, and virtually all aspects of human and social development. Development efforts on a global basis are strongly recommended which include measures to improve nutrition and food security as an important component of poverty alleviation. Efforts are to be made for improving the health conditions among the population, so as to improve the overall wellness of nation.