2017, Vol. 1 Issue 2, Part APages: 15-20
Historical background and medical significance of Dalk (Massage): A review
Abdul Khalique and MY Siddiqui
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Dalk (massage) is believed to be one of the oldest forms of medical care, dated thousand years back. The word “massage” is derived from Arabic word "mass" (to touch) or from the Greek word "massein" (to knead). In India, French used the term massage for the first time during 1761-1773. In Unani System of Medicine, various types of massage have been recommended for different purposes. Unani Physicians had also discussed very elaborately the types, methodology, possible mechanism of action and the diseases where Dalk is highly effective. About mechanism of action of massage there are two fundamental concepts i.e. Evacuation of morbid matter (Tanqiya-e Mawad Fasida) and Diversion of morbid humours (Imala-e Mawad Raddiya). In Modern Medicine, more than 250 known types of massage and bodyworks are known, and their use depends on the experience of the therapist and clinically desired advantage. The duration depends upon conditions of massage that may last for 15-90 minutes. Dalk tones flabby and loose muscles to make the body firm, softens hard muscular structure, dissolves morbid gases accumulated in the body, removes cold temperament of the body, relieves pain due to injury, fatigue etc. It is beneficial in debilitated and thin built people and for alignment of body posture, the treatment of various kinds of diseases like musculoskeletal ailments, nervous system abnormalities, respiratory diseases, reduction from anxiety and symptomatic relief.